An Introduction for Anti-Modernists, Part 4"/>
Print this post Print this post

Heidegger:
An Introduction for Anti-Modernists, Part 4

martin+heidegger+rundweg2,906 words

Part 4 of 4

French translation here

10. Heidegger on National Socialism

It is in the context of his discussion of “values” that Heidegger makes the most notorious statement in all his writings:

In particular, what is peddled about nowadays as the philosophy of National Socialism, but which has not the least to do with the inner truth and greatness of this movement [namely, the encounter between global technology and modern humanity], is fishing in these troubled waters of “values” and “totalities.”[2]

To understand what Heidegger is saying here, let us first address what and who he is attacking. There were those who supported National Socialism by asserting that it would restore “traditional values” – much like American conservatives today speak of “family values.” In short, they saw National Socialism as a reactionary movement. (Ironically, of course, these same people uncritically appropriated the modern, liberal discourse of “values.”) But Heidegger believed that National Socialism had the potential to be much more than this.

Heidegger claimed that the bracketed phrase in the above quote was present in his 1935 lecture text. Recent scholarship has demonstrated fairly conclusively that it was actually added in 1953, when the material was first published. As a result, some scholars have taken the position that this phrase is disingenuous – that Heidegger is in bad faith here and trying to cover his tracks by concocting a false account of what he saw as National Socialism’s “inner truth and greatness.” But there is no basis on which to claim that Heidegger must really have meant something else. If we genuinely wish to understand what Heidegger meant, we should take him at his word here. Clearly, in 1953 he felt that he needed to add some sort of explanation about what he had meant by these remarks. But (unwisely) he chose to counter any suggestion that he was simply concocting a disingenuous explanation after the fact by insisting that this statement had been present in his original manuscript.

So what does Heidegger mean by “the encounter between global technology and modern humanity”? And how did he see National Socialism as (potentially) addressing this? One of Heidegger’s principal concerns was the problem posed by technology. In his essay “The Question Concerning Technology” (published in 1954), Heidegger argues that technology is a certain kind of “revealing”: it reveals beings to us in a particular way. Essentially, it reveals nature as raw material for human use; as what Heidegger calls der Bestand, a term that has been translated “the standing reserve.” But what is it that is involved in our propensity to take the earth as standing reserve? Heidegger answers this question through his famous characterization of modernity as das Gestell, which is often translated “the enframing.” What characterizes modern people is a tendency not just to want to order or re-order nature, to impose some system upon it, but also to delve into nature with theories and assumptions, always expecting nature in a sense to order itself according to our “rational” ideas.

Technology thus facilitates the “oblivion of Being.” Through technology, we preoccupy ourselves with beings alone, and they are disclosed to us simply as objects for our manipulation. One can easily see that this is the ultimate consequence of the Judeo-Christian view of the world as created by God. Everything, in other words, is understood as an artifact. We speak of how natural objects, like the human body, are “built” or “constructed.” With God out of the picture, this world of artifacts is ours to manipulate, through the creation of new technological artifacts. The consequence of this is the self-withdrawal of Being; “the flight of the gods.”

But Heidegger recognized that there was no going back; no rolling back of modern technological progress. Thus, the only thing that could be hoped for was some way to integrate technology into our lives without selling our souls to it. The National Socialists were not anti-technology, but they were nationalists who opposed what would be called today “globalism,” and the homogenization of modern life. They celebrated Blut und Boden (blood and soil): connectedness to ancestral heritage, and to the land. And they seemed to agree with Heidegger that Germany had a unique cultural mission. Thus, Heidegger apparently felt that within National Socialism there was some sort of potential to integrate technology into life without sacrificing national and local character.

Heidegger saw National Socialism as a “third force” in politics, offering a middle course between the Scylla and Charybdis of American capitalism and Soviet communism. It was socialism, Heidegger (and others) thought, but without the rootless and soulless internationalism of the Soviets; socialism with national culture and heritage celebrated and protected.

Thomas Sheehan links Heidegger’s hopes for National Socialism to the ideas of the German politician and pastor Friedrich Naumann. According to Sheehan, Naumann had the “vision of a strong nationalism and a militantly anticommunist socialism, combined under a charismatic leader who would fashion a middle-European empire that preserved the spirit and tradition of pre-industrial Germany even as it appropriated, in moderation, the gains of modern technology.”[2]

Of course, Heidegger’s cares went beyond preserving the spirit and tradition of pre-industrial Germany: he was concerned to bring about a new, authentic encounter with Being. How he thought that National Socialism might do this is a bit of a mystery. In any case, Heidegger had already become disenchanted with the NSDAP when, in 1935, he delivered Introduction to Metaphysics as a lecture series. It has been suggested that the decisive event in Heidegger’s loss of enthusiasm over the regime was the “Night of the Long Knives” in June of 1934, when Ernst Röhm and many of his SA comrades were assassinated. Heidegger may have felt some sympathy for Röhm’s “socialist” wing of the NSDAP, who were strong critics of capitalism and felt that Hitler had made too many compromises with big business on coming to power.

If one reads between the lines, Heidegger is clearly expressing criticism of Hitler and the NSDAP in Introduction to Metaphysics. To begin with, his famous “inner truth and greatness” line is uttered in the context of essentially saying that what has been put forth so far as the ideology of National Socialism is mostly empty talk. Recall further that when he offers his account of modern decline, he writes “when the tallies of millions at mass meetings are a triumph; then, yes then, there still looms like a specter over all this uproar the question: what for? – where to? – and what then?” This must inevitably call to mind Hitler’s mass rallies. Heidegger is aware that Hitler’s regime buys into the “reign of quantity.”

In a 1949 lecture Heidegger stated, “Agriculture is now a motorized food industry, the same thing in its essence as the production of corpses in the gas chambers and the extermination camps, the same thing as blockades and the reduction of countries to famine, the same thing as the manufacture of hydrogen bombs.” Clearly by this point he had come to see the National Socialist regime as having been thoroughly invested in the modern enframing spoken of earlier.

6. Conclusion: Some Critical Reflections

The above account has probably made it quite clear to readers of this journal why it is correct to classify Heidegger as an “anti-modern thinker.”[3] Heidegger certainly seems like he belongs in the same company as figures like Oswald Spengler, René Guénon, T. S. Eliot, D. H. Lawrence, and others. His description of modernity’s reign of quantity, the “flight of the gods,” the reduction of human beings to a mass – these all ring profoundly true. And, as noted earlier, in many ways Heidegger now seems like a prophet. Further, his understanding of technology and of the modern mind-set, das Gestell, give us powerful tools for comprehending the decadence of the present.

Nevertheless, there are problems with Heidegger’s “anti-modernism,” and they have to do principally with how he proposes to address or cure modern ills. To begin with, Heidegger’s attempt at a recovery of the “originary sense” of Being is interesting and profound. But why does he look exclusively to the ancient Greeks? Hans Sluga notes that “The limit of Heidegger’s insight lies in his inability to find historical paradigms anywhere but in early Greece. And that limitation is due, in turn, to his peculiar and never-reasoned belief that only the beginning is great and that only ancient Greece can be such a beginning for Western man.”[4]

Like many European intellectuals educated in the 19th and early 20th centuries, Heidegger studied Greek and Latin as a boy and was steeped in the history and literature of classical antiquity. When he thought of “the ancients” it was to Greece and Rome that he looked. Part of what is going on here, of course, also has to do with his background in philosophy. Professional philosophers in the West usually have the tendency to think of thought itself as beginning in Greece, while everywhere else was darkness.

However, Heidegger was also very much attuned to how Being discloses itself in different ways to different peoples in different times. Why then, when he considered how “we” once oriented ourselves toward Being, did he not explore the ancient myths and texts of Northern Europe? I am thinking, of course, of the Eddas and Sagas, and other sources. Why did he not delve into the researches of the Brothers Grimm, and others, into Germanic myth and the sources of Germanic language? It is a pity that he didn’t.

However, Heidegger’s philosophical approach to etymology has given us a powerful tool for approaching those Northern European sources. It is just left to someone else to do the philosophical work Heidegger didn’t do: the work of revealing how Being disclosed itself to the ancient Northern European peoples.[5]

Setting this issue aside, perhaps a more serious problem has to do with how Heidegger proposes to address modern rootlessness and spiritual bankruptcy. He speaks, as we have seen, of Being’s self-withdrawal, and of the need to recover an authentic encounter with Being. It is not at all clear how he proposes to do this. Some have seen connections between Heidegger’s thought and Zen (as well as other Eastern philosophies), and actually quite a lot has been written about this. Zen also seems to have as its goal lifting us out of preoccupation with mundane beings and giving us an experience of Being itself (which is what, so far as I can understand, satori is all about). But Zen accomplishes this not through theory (in fact, it tends to dismiss theorizing) but through a spiritual practice. Like most Western philosophers, however, Heidegger recommends no practice to us. Just theory — and reams and reams of often numbingly obscure commentary on dead philosophers. Are we to encounter Being through reading?

To be fair, Heidegger himself seems to have had a practice, which consisted in removing himself to the seclusion of a hut in the Black Forrest and connecting himself to the land and the rhythms of life through such tasks as drawing water from the well and chopping wood. The closest he comes to a “practice” that he recommends to us, though, is what he calls Gelassenheit, which is often translated “letting beings be.” It’s an obscure, quasi-quietistic idea that seems to mean allowing beings to display their Being to us, rather than charging in like modern Prometheans and imposing our conceptions upon them (“enframing” them, as it were).

One of the problems with Gelassenheit is that it seems to presuppose that beings have some sort of objective and intrinsic Being which will display itself to us if we (to speak Zen) silence our minds. But my readers may be disappointed to hear that the question of whether there is some sort of objective Being is a problematic one in Heidegger’s oeuvre. The foregoing account of Introduction to Metaphysics would certainly seem to suggest that Heidegger believed that there was some sort of “correct” understanding of Being, and an authentic (i.e., Greek) way of encountering it.

But the truth about Heidegger’s views is more complicated than this. As his ideas developed, Heidegger became more and more of a historicist, speaking of “epochs of Being” – of how Being has changed throughout history, as Dasein has changed. The influence of Nietzsche is strong here, and one finds a parallel difficulty in Nietzsche’s thought. In works like The Genealogy of Morals Nietzsche certainly speaks is if there is a true, healthy, original morality (“master morality”). But his “perspectivism” insists that there can be no “true” moral viewpoint – or any sort of objective truth at all.

And even though Heidegger offers reflections from time to time on the origins of our modern decay, in the end he declares that ultimately what has caused modernity and das Gestell cannot be declared. Why? Because to think that they are knowable and discoverable is to buy into modernity’s insistence that everything can be explained and made explicit. The ultimate rejection of modernity, therefore, is to reject the attempt to explain it. There is something clever and profound about this point, but it leaves us very unsatisfied. And the perennial question arises: what, then, is to be done? What can we do? Heidegger’s answer: nothing.

In 1966 Heidegger gave an interview to the German magazine Der Spiegel, which (at his request) was not published until after his death in 1976. In this interview the following exchange occurs:

Spiegel: You do not count yourself among those who, if they would only be heard, could point out a path?

Heidegger: No! I know of no path toward a direct change of the present state of the world, assuming that such a change is at all humanly possible. But it seems to me that the attempted thinking could awaken, clarify, and fortify the readiness we have already mentioned.

Spiegel: A clear answer – but can and may a thinker say: Just wait, something will occur to us in the next three hundred years?

We can continue thinking about Being and Dasein. But we can do nothing. Ultimately, Heidegger tells us that we must wait for a new epoch of Being to arise.

I cannot accept this. When Heidegger said these words in 1966 he was unaware of the tremendous cultural and demographic changes that were yet to occur in the West. He was unaware (I believe) of the possibility that now faces us, more than thirty years after his death: the possibility of losing everything that Heidegger valued, Western culture itself. Even if Heidegger is right that nothing can be done, doing nothing is not an option that I – and most my readers – can make peace with. I am even willing to admit that my stubborn insistence that something can be done and that we must do it is part and parcel of the modern mindset that everything is fixable and manipulable. But, as Julius Evola saw, the modern age – the Kali Yuga – provides us with tools that may be used to resist it.

Heidegger’s 1966 Spiegel interview was titled “Nur noch ein Gott kann uns retten”: “Only a God Can Still Save Us.” The line comes from the following, dramatic segment of the interview:

If I may answer quickly and perhaps somewhat vehemently, but from long reflection: Philosophy will not be able to bring about a direct change of the present state of the world. This is true not only of philosophy but of all merely human meditations and endeavors. Only a god can still save us. I think the only possibility of salvation left to us is to prepare readiness, through thinking and poetry, for the appearance of the god or for the absence of the god during the decline; so that we do not, simply put, die meaningless deaths, but that when we decline, we decline in the face of the absent god.

This god that can save us, however, will not be a new god but the return of an old one – of one of the gods that has “flown.” But Heidegger is right that the flight of the gods happens as a result of a change within Dasein. In the terms of our ancestors, we broke our troth with the gods. And you may interpret “gods” here to mean literally the gods of our ancestors – or figuratively, to mean their ideals. We broke our troth with the gods, and eventually we broke our troth with the land and even with our own kith and kin. And now it is as if we live under a curse, in the midst of a wasteland. The task we face is to renew that troth. We cannot wait for a god to save us. We must change – and save ourselves. Then, and only then, will the gods return. But just how to do that would take us beyond the scope of this essay – and beyond what Heidegger, for all his greatness, has to offer us.

Notes

1. Introduction to Metaphysics, 213.

2. Thomas Sheehan, “Heidegger and the Nazis,” a review of Victor Farias’ Heidegger et le nazisme, in The New York Review of Books, vol. 35, no. 10, June 16, 1988, pp. 38–47.

3. The best book on this subject, incidentally, is Michael E. Zimmerman’s Heidegger’s Confrontation with Modernity: Technology, Politics, Art (Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1990).

4. Hans Sluga, “‘Conflict is the Father of All Things’: Heidegger’s Polemical Conception of Politics,” in A Companion to Heidegger’s Introduction to Metaphysics, 224.

5. See my essay “Summoning the Gods” in Summoning the Gods.

 

If you enjoyed this piece, and wish to encourage more like it, give a tip through Paypal. You can earmark your tip directly to the author or translator, or you can put it in a general fund. (Be sure to specify which in the "Add special instructions to seller" box at Paypal.)

11 Comments

  1. Donar van Holland
    Posted June 7, 2012 at 6:11 am | Permalink

    Thank you for this great introduction to Heidegger! It has helped me very much with my own reading .

    I just would like to add that many times the words and images that Heidegger employs in his texts already function as an invocation or evocation of Being. Reading Heidegger can already be religio, in the sense of (re-)connecting to Being.

    This reminds me of the Judaic idea that study (of the Torah) is the supreme act of worship. We could do worse than replace the bible with Heidegger as our own, true book of revelation!

    • Collin Cleary
      Posted June 9, 2012 at 5:24 pm | Permalink

      Thank you!

  2. Spectator
    Posted June 7, 2012 at 9:08 am | Permalink

    Thanks Mr Cleary for this. I have found it, overall, a most helpful and lucid introduction to the thought of Heidegger.

  3. mpresley
    Posted June 7, 2012 at 3:49 pm | Permalink

    It is very difficult to condense Martin Heidegger into four easy (!) steps. It is clear the author has read Heidegger, but sometimes I wonder how Heidegger read others? Heidegger is important not because of what he “found out” or discovered, but because his thinking represents a sort of distillation of modernity, and an uncovering (to use his terminology) of problems that had actually been solved long before, but later forgotten or glossed over, for various reasons. The correct path, it seems to me, begins movement along Aristotelian-Thomistic lines, yet today such thinking is not well understood outside of certain circles, and often dismissed out of hand in others. But it would not be wrong to expend some considerable effort to understand A-T metaphysics properly—that is, the way they themselves understood it. In any case, this task is no more difficult than plowing through Heidegger’s dense prose, and the benefit might be surprising.

    From the time of at least Bacon in natural philosophy, and at least Hobbes within the social sciences, Aristotle’s general notion of man and the world, and specifically his metaphysics along with his causation schema, has been viewed as fundamentally lacking. By the time of the Enlightenment, the subsequent Thomist synthesis, an explication of act and potency, essence and existence, and form and matter, had long been abandoned—in good part due to its Christian theological framework, a framework that in many respects was not essential to the inherent metaphysical arguments that were meant to support it.

    It can be argued that abandonment of Aristotelian causation along with its associated metaphysical distinctions resulted in much unnecessary confusion, confusion that has yet to be resolved. Of course we could also point to late Medieval nominalism as a beginning of wrong thinking; one must not be too dogmatic in laying blame, and there is more than enough blame to go around.

    I realize that this important topic is too detailed for an adequate response within a combo-box, however be that as it may, I’ll offer a few specific comments:

    Whether philosophers have spoken of a primal matter…Western metaphysicians have spoken only of some special, exalted, or supreme thing that has Being. But they have forgotten Being itself, Heidegger says.

    But what is this mysterious Being that we all have? One thing is certain: it cannot be a being.

    First of all, if we recognize that Being can’t be a being then that means that Being isn’t.

    The example of prime matter is a reference to Aristotle. However it must be understood that for the philosopher, and his students, prime matter was not a thing at all—at least not a thing in our usual sense of the word. In fact, it could rightly viewed as an isn’t. That is to say, prime matter is a metaphysical abstraction; it is not sensible by itself. We recall that within A-T thinking, any material substance (little ‘b’ being) is a composite of form and matter (the so called hylomorphic composition, among other metaphysical components). This hearkens back to the expanded notion of causation discussed by Aristotle, whereby both the formal and material cause were as metaphysically important as what we now take to be efficient causation—really the only kind of causation now commonly considered.

    Heidegger [discusses] the question “why are there beings at all instead of nothing?”

    Here, we can turn to the idea of Act and Potency, and Essence and Existence and all that it implies. The metaphysical (not theological) explanation is highlighted by Aquinas, but again, all of this has been forgotten because of an abandonment of traditional thinking.

    …depression is a condition in which existence as such loses its meaning. The smallest, most innocuous object or event may fill us with a gnawing sense of dread.

    This is, of course, a psychological problem, and not strictly speaking a metaphysical or even a general philosophical problem, although Heidegger certainly demonstrates how wrong thinking can result in existential confusion. The solution, if we are to turn to philosophy, is to understand the idea of final cause, telos, or the natural end (order) of things. Only a man among the ruins (the ruins of modern Western philosophy) feels this existential nausea. Once one understand that there is a natural order, and that man himself participates within it, and is himself possessed of an intrinsic nature, then one can begin to Become with an eye on Being. This understanding would naturally lessen the influence of unnatural psychological states, and one would be more able to act positively as a result.

    As the twentieth century unfolded, it became impossible for the rootless, urbanized, industrialized denizens of the West to believe any longer in transcendent ideals. And so the “is-ought” dichotomy transformed into the “fact-value” dichotomy. There are no more oughts, only “values.” But no value has the status of a fact, as an absolute, since people have different all sorts of different values. One great, big rainbow of values. Not only is there no longer any openness to Being, there is no longer even the vaguest idea of objective truth.

    It is difficult to know where to begin with this, however much of the confusion arises from the misapplication of scientism to all facets of human life, eventually leading to naïve physicalist reductionism in everything, including its completely wrongheaded introduction into the social sciences. While a thoroughgoing scientism probably leads to a denial of all intentionality in thinking, and the resultant absurdity of a denial that knowledge is even possible, its correlate, the fact/value distinction, has been treated variously—perhaps the most famous critique of its application in political philosophy and the social sciences is the work of the bugbear of both the right and left, Leo Strauss, but there have been many others (compare Natural Right and History; also, his essay on Heidegger in The Rebirth of Classical Political Rationalism can be cited. For a more recent criticism of the fact/value distinction, one could review David Oderberg’s, The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Law (in Natural Moral Law in Contemporary Society, Catholic University Press, 2010: 45-75).

    In his lectures on Nietzsche Heidegger stressed that in order to understand the present age, one must confront Nietzsche. To borrow his phrase, then, one must confront Heidegger in order to understand more the problems of modernity. For that reason he is a very important philosopher. In fact, he is the one modern who must necessarily be encountered. Once one understands by way of recovering what has been lost, only then perhaps can one begin making real progress.

    • Richard Ricardo
      Posted June 12, 2012 at 5:31 pm | Permalink

      Nice response.

  4. Daniel
    Posted June 7, 2012 at 6:38 pm | Permalink

    I have been reading some on the critique made of Heidegger by the late French philosopher Henry Corbin and the traditionalist Seyyed Hossein Nasr. Both think\thought that the problem of Being raised by Heidegger was answered by the medieval Persian philosophers, especially Mulla Sadra. (It is interesting to note that most of medieval Islam’s most original and dynamic thinkers were Persians, and hence Aryans.) This is a path of inquiry that I personally intent to follow further.

  5. Cagefighter
    Posted June 7, 2012 at 10:55 pm | Permalink

    What is far is near, and what is near is far. The gods of the Indo-Europeans are here, but are concealed — more like imprisoned – by the modern epoch. It seems to me the modern epoch and these new gods (humanism, liberalism, progressivism, democracy, money-worship, dread-of -death, materialism, rationalism, ad nausea) have done well concealing these “old gods” of ours.
    So the question I have: How do we get our gods back? I would have to say, that ultimately the modern world (which is obviously just another of the countless revealing’s of eternal Being) has to go, as a prerequisite for such a revealing of “the old gods.” When I say modern world, I’m thinking primarily that invisible world of ideas, feelings, way-of-thinking, linguistics, approach-to-things, personality, character, authentic spiritualism, etc. –which will of course have a corresponding effect on the physical plane, thus altering our physical world as well as our “mental” one.
    As far as doing just nothing — HA! At the very least we have templates from previous epochs, past great thinkers, not to mention men of action, to guide us in this becoming. And as the modern epoch crashes on upon itself, facilitated by harbingers (in all its infinite manifestations) new forms of Traditional and non-Traditional human revealing’s of Being will come into play in the world of beings, as circumstances allow. So why not jump into the iron game?
    One thing is for certain, we can all rest knowing absolutely that the modern world (epoch) is unsustainable and headed to the grave in relatively short order. Both in small and in big efforts we ought to push this being-of-sorts to its demise. In the aftermath of the death of this supra-structural organism (modernity) the “new gods” will have fallen from the heavens into concealment. In the ensuing turmoil the “old gods” will have the opportunity to reveal themselves, once again, in varying intensities and forms according to the nature of the recipient – that’s my faith.

    • Collin Cleary
      Posted June 9, 2012 at 5:26 pm | Permalink

      Interesting comment. You might enjoy my book Summoning the Gods.

  6. Mr. Sardonicus
    Posted June 8, 2012 at 9:17 am | Permalink

    Mr. Cleary,

    I enjoyed all four of your essays immensely. They provided a much sought and thoughtful bits of philosophical repast over these last few drab days.

    • Collin Cleary
      Posted June 9, 2012 at 5:26 pm | Permalink

      Thanks!

  7. Matt
    Posted June 11, 2012 at 10:38 am | Permalink

    Thank you so much for this interesting 4 part ‘talk’. Though I am an Honours graduate in philosophy, I’ve never approached Heidegger (Frankfurt School generation unfortunately). Reading your article reawakened an old “metaphysical hunch” of mine, i.e. that it might be an idea to investigate the category of the A posteriori Analytic (I know, it sounds like crazy), but …

  • Video of the Day:

  • Kindle Subscription
  • Our Titles

    The Eldritch Evola

    Western Civilization Bites Back

    New Right vs. Old Right

    Lost Violent Souls

    Journey Late at Night: Poems and Translations

    The Non-Hindu Indians & Indian Unity

    Baader Meinhof ceramic pistol, Charles Kraaft 2013

    The Lightning and the Sun

    Jonathan Bowden as Dirty Harry

    The Lost Philosopher, Second Expanded Edition

    Trevor Lynch's A White Nationalist Guide to the Movies

    And Time Rolls On

    The Homo & the Negro

    Artists of the Right

    North American New Right, Vol. 1

    Forever and Ever

    Some Thoughts on Hitler

    Tikkun Olam and Other Poems

    Under the Nihil

    Summoning the Gods

    Hold Back This Day

    The Columbine Pilgrim

    Confessions of a Reluctant Hater

    Taking Our Own Side

    Toward the White Republic

    Distributed Titles

    Carl Schmitt Today

    A Sky Without Eagles

    The Way of Men

    Generation Identity

    Nietzsche's Coming God

    The Conservative

    The New Austerities

    Convergence of Catastrophes

    Demon

    Proofs of a Conspiracy

    Fascism viewed from the Right

    The Wagnerian Drama

    Fascism viewed from the Right

    Notes on the Third Reich

    Morning Crafts

    New Culture, New Right

    An eagle with a shield soaring upwards

    A Life in the Political Wilderness

    The Fourth Political Theory

    The Passing of the Great Race

    The Passing of a Profit & Other Forgotten Stories

    Fighting for the Essence

    The Arctic Home in the Vedas

    The Prison Notes

    It Cannot Be Stormed

    Revolution from Above

    The Proclamation of London

    Beyond Human Rights

    The WASP Question

    Can Life Prevail?

    The Jewish Strategy

    The Metaphysics of War

    A Handbook of Traditional Living

    The French Revolution in San Domingo

    The Revolt Against Civilization

    Why We Fight

    The Problem of Democracy

    Archeofuturism

    The Path of Cinnabar

    Tyr

    Siege

    On Being a Pagan

    The Lost Philosopher

    The Dispossessed Majority

    Might is Right

    Impeachment of Man

    Gold in the Furnace

    Defiance