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Bowie’s Blackstar

bowie-blackstar-vice1,488 words

David Bowie
Columbia, 2016

Blackstar will inevitably serve as Bowie’s last will and testament whether he meant it to or not. Certainly the writing of much of the material would have preceded his awareness of his terminal illness and his confrontation with imminent death. But the genuinely somber tone to much of Blackstar suggests that he might, if things had turned out differently, have been entering into a new and deeply serious vein of creativity. It’s anyone’s guess how much this album was influenced by his own illness but, like Johnny Cash’s  American IV: The Man Comes Around, it already seems to have taken on the air of a legendary final album.

Two questions: should Bowie be regarded in such high esteem? and is Blackstar an appropriate epitaph? Two answers: yes and yes.

Firstly, to deal with Bowie’s place in popular culture. It’s probably fair to say that a type of new culture emerged from 1945 onwards. This culture was one that was dominated by America’s post-war hegemony and was characterized by the globalizing of American products and by a severance with traditional cultural taboos. It really became dominant in the 1960s and then augmented and extended its influence through the ’70s and into Reagan’s ’80s with the rise of MTV and home video. Bowie’s songs from Space Oddity through to Ashes to Ashes span the 1970s and are some of the most important of that decade. For anyone growing up at that time they obviously hold a particular sentimental attachment, but there is also more to it than that. The 1970s were the last decade when it really seemed that cultural progress (and therefore optimism) was still possible. Since then, the expansion of technology into every area of life and the perpetual recycling of cultural forms has given everyone a sham sense of progress. We are bombarded as never before with new versions, new upgrades and new remakes of everything from phones to films but the process is inflationary so that there is no real growth, no real progress, just diminishing increments writ large. Bowie’s ’70s songs occupy a space before this process really took off and where the final triumph of the American hegemony was not yet certain. I think that this gives them a special sort of nostalgic value that is to do with a cultural childhood’s end. Hunky Dory, Ziggy Stardust, and Low all seem to belong to a half-remembered era when what was artistically possible hadn’t yet been pre-determined. Bowie was the greatest exponent of a cultural optimism that looked forward to a future that was going to be better than the present.


With regards to Blackstar itself, what can be said with some certainty is that it is amongst the best of Bowie’s albums despite being quite different in character to his earlier work. Hindsight now allows us to see it as a summation of his varied musical roles but it should more accurately be seen as an integration of various aspects of his life into an attempt to achieve some wholeness, some higher principle, despite the fact that he recognizes this as ultimately unachievable.

The title track was released a few weeks before his death with a remarkable video. The song “Blackstar” with its refrain, “In the center of it all,” is clearly at some level an attempt to apprehend a fixed, centering principle, an objective locus that could provide a point of stillness beyond the shifting tides of personality, or in Bowie’s case, beyond his many personas. The black star is the central point of a galaxy, the collapsed star that forms a black hole. An entire galaxy will rotate around this hub, a dead star, which itself remains fixed and hidden. The black star itself is mysterious; nothing can cross its event horizon and return to tell the tale. It propels planets and suns through cold space but remains concealed, occult. In the video, the skeletal corpse of an astronaut appears to become the focus for a strange cult whose members enter into ritualistic seizures in the presence of his jewelled skull. All of this suggests a Lovecraftian-style interest in the notion of lost civilisations and ancient gods. None of it is especially straightforward to interpret, but the shot of the astronaut drifting off in space towards a black hole does seem like a stark image of the inevitable pull of mortality and the impossibility of ever returning. The spaceman is already dead, his corpse drifts towards its final disappearance, yet some cultic worshipers still attempt to commune in some way with his residual presence. Perhaps something does endure after all, something creative and numinous.

Musically, it’s a song of two acts. In the first, whilst Bowie plaintively sings of “a solitary candle” at the center of everything, a drum and bass backing seems to undercut the search for quiet unity. It’s as if Bowie is consciously seeking something above the restive noise of popular culture. In the second part the music becomes more melodic and better suited to the more human sounding singing. “Something happened on the day he died/Spirit rose a meter and stepped aside/Somebody else took his place and bravely cried/ (I’m a blackstar, I’m a blackstar).” Someone dies and someone else fills the vacuum. After the seeking towards a transcendent moment of unity there is an acceptance that the wheel of life continues on relentlessly.

The following single to be released from the album, “Lazarus,” has a different feel. It’s a calmer affair, suggestive of some of the more meditative moments of Talking Heads or Joy Division (think of “The Overload” or “The Eternal”). The video was released on the same day as the album and shows a blindfolded Bowie on his deathbed whilst a more energetic alter ego engages in gestures of creativity, striking dance poses and ostentatiously scribbling down ideas as they come to him. It’s difficult not to read this as Bowie at the end of his life looking back on his career as an artist, seeing it as somehow silly yet hyperactively fertile. Much has been made of the lyrical content of this song, and it really does provoke an eerie chill to see Bowie in a hospital bed singing, “Look up here, I’m in heaven,” liver spots clearly visible on his hands. The subject of Lazarus obviously suggests a man who is thinking about his own terminal illness and the possibility of what, if anything, might lie behind the event horizon of death. Musically, it flirts with the funereal but achieves a triumphant melodic resolution that perhaps expresses the idea that art is the truly transcendent victory; the ultimate defeat of mortality.

Elsewhere, “‘Tis a Pity She Was a Whore” and “Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)” both place avant garde jazz meanderings onto drum and bass beats in ways that work surprisingly well. Bowie manages to fit his vocal melodies into this mix rather seamlessly. “Girl Loves Me,” a tale of sex and drugs told in a mix of palare and Nadsat (from Anthony Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange) and told over a trip hop soundtrack, seems to be a sort of regretful, sardonic memory of time wasted when wasted: “Where the fuck did Monday go?” But there is no sentimentalism here. In “Dollar Days” there is a similar avoidance of kitsch: “If I’ll never see the English evergreens I’m running to/ It’s nothing to me/It’s nothing to see.”

Blackstar is a very apt album for Bowie to bow out with precisely because it’s surprising and atypical. There is a seriousness of intent and a brutal precision to the lyrics that is only highlighted by the distinctly unpop sensibility of the music. Bowie’s place in pop history is indisputable, but Blackstar reminds us that he was always using the pop form to seek a genuinely artistic mode of expression. All of his many masks were part of a quest to discover . . . well, what?

Bowie is often thought of as a postmodern artist because he switched styles and images quite readily. But I think that he was more of a modernist because his intent was always to search for something that belongs to the future. The postmodern is essentially atemporal, simply recycling forms from other cultures and other times. But the modernist is focussed on the future and its actual possibilities. Bowie’s varied artistic pursuits and the extremity of some of his experiences seem to have been a way of breaking through the mundanity of the Britain he was born into. Like Burroughs with his cut-up technique, he wanted to cut into the present so that the future leaks out. Blackstar now represents the ultimate limit of Bowie’s future, but his legacy should be seen as one of healthy optimism. With Blackstar he has left us with a work that still seeks new modes of expression, that still wants to discover more, but that ultimately accepts the inevitability of death.


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  1. Leon
    Posted January 17, 2016 at 5:22 pm | Permalink

    Am I the only one who detects a powerful Lovecraftian aesthetic in the first video? Bowie should have directed Mountains of Madness! As for the music though, I wouldn’t listen to it for its own sake. Although I kinda liked some of his songs, Bowie always creeped me out, even as a kid. Given his modernist fetishism and his miscegenation with an African, can anyone explain to me why Bowie is held in such high regard among the White nationalists here? After two CC articles devoted to him, it’s still not clear to me.

  2. Petronius
    Posted January 16, 2016 at 9:35 pm | Permalink

    Thanks for this, I just got really annoyed by a self-satisfyingly ignorant piece by Dalrymple on Takimag. There are so many great Bowie songs that have been with me for a long time now. Not sure yet about the final album, I don’t like these two songs posted here too much, but the way he consciously confronted death for a final performance and defied it with his art is really impressive.

  3. James O'Meara
    Posted January 15, 2016 at 10:38 am | Permalink

    Without wanting to “hijack” the discussion, this:

    “Something happened on the day he died/Spirit rose a meter and stepped aside/Somebody else took his place and bravely cried/ (I’m a blackstar, I’m a blackstar).”

    sounds remarkably like the circle/spiral antithesis I’ve frequently hammered on about, as well as the related notion of “passing the buck.” On the first point, “rising a meter” reminds me of something said about Bjork, that with each album” she confounds critics expecting the same thing by rising up a notch, thereby inscribing a spiral not a circle.”

    The black star is, of course, the Black Sun attributed to various mystics of the Right,.

    • Daniel
      Posted January 15, 2016 at 8:24 pm | Permalink

      I thought by ‘blackstar’ he maybe meant that David Jones is dead but David Bowie is still here. He’s still here in all the recordings, the way we’ve always known him. Singing, talking, dancing. But what’s behind it now? There’s no human being at the center anymore, just an emptiness. The human being is gone but the (rock)star still flitters about the imagesphere, still real to us, a presence masking an absence.

  4. rhondda
    Posted January 15, 2016 at 9:50 am | Permalink

    Excellent piece Christopher. Thanks. I must confess that I did not follow Bowie that much, but I really liked ‘Major Tom’. I thought it meant that technology abandoned him to float forever in space, but I was told I was an idiot. But, there in Dark Star, I said to myself, ‘ look there is major Tom heading to the dark star’. I am sure people will find lots of correspondences with his body of work.
    The imagery is really exquisite. The Shimmering/shivering bodies as if every nerve was ignited, the girl with the tail, the bejeweled skull (an ancient icon), the shape of the candle holder, and the ritual/ceremony was done perfectly.
    The thing with symbols is that if they are analyzied too much, they become dead and no longer operate as living symbols. They have to be experienced and not explained away. I am not sure it can be done soon with Bowie’s body of work and people will be arguing the esoteric meaning as if it is can be named definitively for a long time.

  5. Posted January 15, 2016 at 9:31 am | Permalink

    The dead astronaut might be a reference to “Space Oddity”‘s “Major Tom,” as well as to theories of an extra-terrestrial origin of life on Earth.

    • Stine Andersen
      Posted February 7, 2016 at 11:42 am | Permalink

      Not every dead astronaut is Major Tom, u know;)

  6. Sandy
    Posted January 15, 2016 at 2:02 am | Permalink

    A lot of New Rightists grew up with Bowie as there was no escaping his music and yes it was pretty good and I have, or had, one of his old LPs but at the end of the day he wasn’t one of us and good riddance to him, trendy as he was.
    The guy wouldn’t even have his child with one of us but chose an African when he could have had practically anyone with which to carry on the race. No, the guy was no use and his legacy is detrimental to the race.

    • Stine Andersen
      Posted February 7, 2016 at 11:39 am | Permalink

      And when that “Blackstar” ( Fenrisulven ) can be seen in the horizon, will you still think the same,will you still ramble on about why such a palish white guy dares to love such a sexy african woman, or will you hide behind the skirts of the VØLVE?????!!!!!!!!!!!!!!?????
      Med venlig hilsen,
      “Your Eyes”

  7. Wesley
    Posted January 15, 2016 at 1:35 am | Permalink

    Mortality is the perfect way to describe Lazarus; I felt his writings were hurried, rushed even as though he were running out of time, and is it just me or did the sax really shine throughout Blackstar? Great article, love the album.

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