Textul următor, scris în 1967, este unul din cele două eseuri publicate de Carl Schmitt sub titlul „The Tyranny of Values.” Ambele au fost reluate în Die Tyrannei der Werte (Hamburg: Lutherisches Verlagshaus, 1979). Traducerea este din The Tyranny of Values, iar traducător este Simona Drăghici (Washington, D.C.: Plutarch Press, 1996), traducere care este dificil de găsit.
Em Teologia Política, seu pequeno livro sobre o conceito de soberania, Carl Schmitt afirma que “Soberano é aquele que decide sobre o Estado de Exceção” . Soberania significa autoridade política suprema, por oposição à sujeição política. Em uma sociedade, o soberano é o governante, por oposição ao governado. Uma nação soberana se governa, por oposição a ser governada por outros.
In Political Theology, his short book on the concept of sovereignty, Carl Schmitt states that: “Sovereign is he who decides on the exception.” Sovereignty means supreme political authority, as opposed to political subjection. Within a society, the sovereign is the ruler, as opposed to the ruled. A sovereign nation rules itself, as opposed to being ruled by others.
Carl Schmitt’s two essays on “The Tyranny of Values” (1959 and 1967) are typical of his work. They contain simple and illuminating ideas which are nevertheless quite difficult to piece together because Schmitt presents them only through complex conversations with other thinkers and schools of thought. In “The Tyranny of Values” essays, Schmitt’s target is “moralism,” which boils down to doing evil while one thinks one is doing good. Read more …
Carl Schmitt was born on July 11, 1888 in Plettenberg, Westphalia, Germany–where he died on April 7, 1985, at the age of 96. The son of a Roman Catholic small businessman, Carl Schmitt studied law in Berlin, Munich, and Strasbourg, graduating and taking his state exams in Strasbourg in 1915. In 1916, he earned his habilitation in Strasbourg, qualifying him to be a law professor. He taught at business schools and universities in Munich, Greifswald, Bonn, Berlin, and Cologne.
The American pretense of forming a new and uncorrupted world was tolerable for others as long as it remained associated with isolationist policies. A global line dividing the world in a binary manner in terms of good and evil is a line based on moral values. When it is not strictly limited to defense and self-isolation, it becomes a permanent political provocation to the other side of the planet.